Tulane University / WAHO

 

Intervention Database Data Collection

 

Management Instrument – GHANA

 

 

1. NAME OF ORGANIZATION:   Rescue Foundation Ghana (RFG)

2. ORGANIZATION NUMBER:

3. NAME OF RESPONDENT:     Sylvia Hinson-Ekong

4. PHONE NUMBER:                 +233 21 231 575

5. CITY/TOWN:                           Accra

6. NAME OF INTERVIEWER:     Chris Bayer and Comfort B. Bonney

7. DATE OF INTERVIEW:          20/03/09

8. START OF INTERVIEW:        11:20am

9. END OF INTERVIEW:            12.36pm

 

 

A. Respondent Characteristics

A1. Name of respondent

Sylvia Hinson-Ekong

A2. Gender of respondent

Female

 

A3. What is your position within the organization?

 

Executive Director

A4. How long have you been working with this organization?

 

4 years

A5. What is your previous background and experience relevant to child labor?

 

Sylvia Hinson-Ekong is a pharmacist by profession. She used to work with UNICEF Ghana as the Program Officer in charge of Child Health Promotion before joining ILO. She worked with ILO from 2000 to 2004 as the National Program Manager for the International Program on the Elimination of Child Labor, after which she resigned to set up Future Resource Development (FURDEV) Ltd. She has 34 years professional working experience, 9 of which has been dedicated to the elimination of the worst forms of child labor.

B. Organization Characteristics

1. Background

B1. When was your organization established in Ghana?  

Year

2004

B2.  What is the type of your organization?

1 = NGO / Not-for Profit

2 = CBO

3 = FBO

4 = Private (for-profit)

5 = Governmental

Other: ……………………………….

B3. What is your organization’s vision?

 

 

 

The RFG is driven by the vision of ensuring a safe environment for the healthy growth and development of the potentials of all vulnerable children and women in Ghana to enable them live comfortable and productive lifestyles.

B4. What is your organization’s mission?

 

 

 

The mission of RFG is to raise funds to support integrated projects and activities at the community level using Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) and Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) techniques, and to advocate at the national level policies, legislation and programs that will protect vulnerable women and children in Ghana, by improving their lives through health prevention, education, employable skills, income generating activities and the elimination of child labor and human trafficking.

 

B5. What is your organization’s goal(s)?

 

 

 

[t1] 

B6. What are your organization’s objectives?

 

 

 

The organization’s objectives are:

·         To create awareness at all levels, sensitize, advocate and mobilize society to respond to human rights issues affecting the vulnerable, especially women and children in Ghana;

·         To train community members in selected communities in Participatory Rural Appraisal/Participatory Learning and Action (PRA/PLA) to carry out most integrated development programs and interventions to change poor attitudes towards their own development;

·         To work with other stakeholders and communities to eliminate worst forms of child labor especially child trafficking and forced labor;

·         To promote the health and mental well being of women and children including prevention of HIV/AIDS;

·         To provide formal and non-formal education and technical skills training for vulnerable and needy children who are out of school or at risk of dropping out of school, and to assist them to reach their full potential;

·         To seek the equality of opportunities for women and girls and build their capacity for economic empowerment and contribution to community and national development;

·         To constantly upgrade the skills of its staff, through in-house seminars, for effective Program implementation and;

·         To raise funds for all activities through various fund raising activities.

 

B7. What are the strategies employed to reach your organization’s objectives?

 

 

The organization employs the following strategies to reach its objectives:

·         Awareness raising and sensitization through focus group discussions;

·         Peer education;

·         Dissemination of laws on human trafficking and the Children’s Act which focuses on child care and welfare and child development.

 

B8. What are your organization’s activities?

 

 

 

RFG is currently implementing the following projects:

·         Gender Promotion and Women’s Economic Emancipation and Poverty Alleviation. Started since 2004 and on-going;

·         Sensitization and Awareness Raising to Combat WFCL and Trafficking. On-going;

·         Identification, Rescue, Rehabilitation and Support to Trafficked Children. On-going;

·         Advocacy, On-going

·         Capacity Building of Various Institutions for Sensitization and Law Enforcement to Prevent  Worst Forms of Child Labor and Child Trafficking (2004 to 2006)-(Capacity Building  is taken up by FURDEV, a sister organization since 2006);

·         Education Programme- the RFG Educational programme aims at ensuring that all children in its project communities are enrolled in school and attend school regularly. It also aims at improving the quality of teaching and learning and providing school supplies to needy children to facilitate enrolment and help them improve their reading which is one of the main reasons for school drop-outs.

 

B9. What does your organization do with regard to child labor?  (Please summarize in 2-4 sentences)

 

Through sensitization and awareness raising to combat WFCL and trafficking project, Rescue Foundation is preventing trafficking of children to the cocoa sector by changing mindset and attitude towards children using focus group discussions. This is a 3-year project for changing of mindsets towards combating of trafficking of children into fishing and cocoa sector in 16 communities in Awutu/Efutu/Senya District, a major sending area for trafficked children. Started in Jan. 2008, it is targeting 7,200 community members, 4,800 impoverished, at-risk children, 320 community leaders, 50 University of Education students and 320 peer educators.

 

B10. Has your organization been able to accomplish its objectives? (Please refer to specific objectives)

 

 

Yes, because among others, RFG has:

·         Conducted various training for NGOs and other institutions and created awareness on worst forms of child labor, child trafficking and forced labor. It has developed special curricula  for training NGOs undertaking sensitization work at community levels;

·         Produced a Training Manual on Child Trafficking in Ghana (2006) and distributed 300 copies to relevant institutions in Ghana especially the training colleges of security agencies;

·         Built capacity of 150 border personnel on identification of traffickers, child friendly methods for interviewing child victims, immediate care and support to child victims and referral to Social Welfare and other shelters (2006) plus monitoring and support to border personnel for mainstreaming these activities into their routine work;

 

B11. What are your organization’s major achievements since 2001?

 

 

RFG started a Gender Project (i.e. Gender Promotion and Women’s Economic Emancipation and Poverty Alleviation-2006-2009) in one community but has now expanded to 7 others, located in poor rural communities of Afutu Municipality and Ewutu/Senya District of Central Region including Gyaahadze, Esuekyir, Atekyedo, Gyengyenadze, Ateitu, Osubonpanyin, Woarabeba, and Sankor. Under this project RFG:

·         Provided training in entrepreneurial leadership and gender for women and men. In all1,803 men and women in 8 communities were sensitized on gender issues and 375, 355 and 325 were trained in gender, leadership skills and entrepreneurship and business management respectively;

·         Provided buildings and equipment that has started 2 gari processing factories serving 4 communities, two of which are very active (in all178 people were trained in gari processing and another 17 in pepper, tomatoes and groundnut processing);

·         Organized 325 women into cooperative groups and set up bank account for 8 of the groups;

·         Provided micro-credits to 112 women in 3 communities to assist in them in their trades especially the gari processing;

·         Helped to improve the living standards of families in these communities. One family through roasting of gari was able to sponsor a child in 2008 to Senior Secondary School and another was able to carry out a major social event;

·         Established one school library in Gyaahadze which serves a cluster of communities;

·         Supplied more than 240 needy children in two schools with books, stationery and school uniforms;

·         Provided a teacher during the 2006 summer holidays to teach children to read in one of the communties;

·         Through RFG suggestions and ideas, one of the communities, Atekyedo, has started a self help project to establish a nursery and kindergarten in the village where a volunteer teacher is paid by contributions from parents;

·         Multi-purpose equipment has been provided to 8 of the beneficiary communities to process pepper, groundnut, tomatoes and cassava into powered pepper, groundnut paste, tomato jam and gari respectively;

·         One of the beneficiaries of this project won the best farmer award in the district in 2008 farmer award scheme;[t2] 

·         Trained 50 University College of Education students in WFCL;

RFG has also:

·         Conducted 3 workshops for 38 volunteers in knowledge, skills and leadership. Activities of these volunteers in 12 months have led to house-to-house sensitization of 16,790 community members including 6,961 children;

·         Carried out community-wide sensitization in 16 communities involving 1,337 community members;

·         Identified and trained 320 Peers Educators and 320 community leaders in August 2008. Through the peer education, one of the peer educators vehemently opposed her parents sending her younger sibling into forced labor and went to the extent of reporting the case to the police;

·         Identified, rescued and rehabilitated three boys trafficked to the cocoa sector and reintegrated them into their families in the north and placed in schools. All items for school have been provided including bicycles. The children are monitored and the monitoring visits show two of the children are doing well in school;

·         Collaborated with government officials to fund the transportation, feeding, and reintegration of the 13 children who were rescued by Immigration officers whilst being trafficked to Ivory Coast with their families.  Rescue Foundation also took the responsibility to fund their stay at Dept of Social Welfare;

·         Conducted 12-day training in knowledge and skills for a total of 104 NGO personnel, 80 Field staff of Ghana Cocoa Board and Licensed Buying Companies to enable them carry out sensitization exercises;

·         Sensitized 2,900 farmers and children in 2006;

·         In collaboration with District Assembly in AES District and the Ministry of Agriculture, supported 3 communities including Gyaahadze, Atekyedo, and Esuekyir to start community farms (2006 – 2007);

·         Carried out inventory and mapping of interventions on worst forms of child labor in Ghana in 2004 as part of preparatory activities for the design of the Time Bound Program of Action on Elimination of Child Labor in Ghana;

·         Sensitized Directors of Ghana Cocoa Board and Cocoa Licensed Buying Companies towards elimination of Child Labor, child trafficking and forced labor in Ghana cocoa sector in 2006 (in all, 30 Directors and 28 representatives from government, industry and NGOs participated);

·         Built capacity of 140 security agency personnel (including police, immigration and customs) with sponsorship from ILO/Lutrena in 2006; and

·         RFG is constantly carrying out advocacy with national and district level authorities towards prevention of child labor and rescue of child victims for assistance through policy development and bye-laws. Getting more teachers into one rural school through negotiations.

 

B12. What are the names of your organization’s interventions currently working on child labor issues? (please indicate year)

·         Gender Promotion and Women’s Economic Emancipation and Poverty Alleviation - started since 2004 and on-going;

·         Sensitization and Awareness Raising to Combat WFCL and Trafficking - on-going;

·         Identification, Rescue, Rehabilitation and Support to Trafficked Children - on-going;

·         Shielding Ghanaian Children from Forced Labor (Dec 2007-Dec 2009);

·         Capacity Building of Various Institutions for Sensitization and Law Enforcement to Prevent  Worst Forms of Child Labor and Child Trafficking (2004 to 2006)-(Capacity Building  is taken up by FURDEV, a sister organization since 2006);

·         Education Programme

·         Advocacy, On-going

 

B13. What sort of problems or constraints has your organization experienced since 2001?

 

·         Limited Funding is the main constraint;

·         There have also been difficulties with the identification, rescue and rehabilitation of trafficked children in the cocoa sector compared to other sectors.

 

B14. What impact have your interventions had on the target population?

 

 

 

 

 

 

·         RFG’s identification and rescue of trafficked children to the cocoa sector is gradually leading to joint action to help children trafficked to the sector;

·         Increase in school enrollment and retention rate in target areas;

·         Change in attitudes of community members towards child care and protection;

·         Increase in food production by community members due to training in good agricultural practices; and

·         Emancipation of women and empowerment resulting in improved income and nutrition.

 

B15. What other organizations are you aware of that do similar work? (local, national, international)

 

 

 

·         RAINS[t3] 

·         APPLE[t4] 

·         ADRA[t5] 

·         PDA

·         Rescue Foundation

·         ICI IPs

·         NPECLC

·         Challenging Heights (yet to start work)

·         Child’s Rights International

·         Team Consult (a consulting firm)

·         ICI

·         Danish Embassy/DANIDA

·         WCF

·         UNICEF

·         ILO

 

B16. What geographical reach does your organization have? (regions, districts)

 

 

 

·         Central Region- Efutu Municipality, Ewutu Senya District

·         Ashanti Region- Sehwi Wiaso

·         Volta Region- Denu District

·         Western Region- Mporhor Wassa Districts

·         Northern Region_ Wale Wale District

·         Greater Accra-_[t6] 

·         Eastern- [t7] 

B17. In your estimation, what sets your organization apart from other organizations, i.e. what is your organization’s comparative advantage?

 

·         We are very committed and determined in finding trafficked children and rescuing them;

·         We also have a lot of experience and expertise in the child labor sector which is brought to bear on what we do.

 

B18. Do you know how many children (ages 5 to 17) your organization has benefited since 2001? (per year)

[t8] 

                 5-12

 

                 13-14

 

                 15 – 17

 

B19. How many children were prevented from entering into WFCL due to your intervention(s)?  

Year

#

2006

240

 

 

 

 

 

 

B20. How many children were withdrawn from entering exploitative child labor due to your intervention(s)?

Year

#

[t9] 

3

 

13

 

 

 

 

B21. How many children were rehabilitated due to your intervention(s)?

Year

#

[t10] 

3

 

13

 

 

 

 

B22. How many children accessed education due to your intervention(s)?

Year

#

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B23. How many children received vocational training due to your intervention(s)?

Year

#

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Knowledge and Capital Management

B24. How many operational personal computers (PCs) does your organization have?

2

B25. Do you have internet?

 

Yes

B26. If so, are you currently connected?

Yes

B27. Do you have an electronic database? 

Yes

B28. If so, please describe the nature of the database?

 

 

It is a database of community registers and children benefiting from the organization’s Identification, Rescue, Rehabilitation and Support to Trafficked Children project.

 

B29. Do you collect data on a regular basis? If so, what kind of data?

 

 

Yes, data is collected on all training workshops organized and beneficiaries of the organization’s activities. Impact assessment of projects and research is all conducted in various areas.

 

B30. Generally, what kind of records do you keep?

 

 

Preliminary, quarterly and final reports, technical reports, statistical data on activities and beneficiaries of projects, project implementation reports, financial reports, audited accounts, video clips and photographs of activities.

 

B31. Do you have a website or pages in a website describing your work? (if so, please refer me to website)

 

We have a domain but the website is under development.

B32. On what basis do you report to donors and stakeholders?

 

Annual reports

B33. How many staff members does your organization have?

    

Total

9

Full-time

7

Part-time

2

Volunteers

 

The organization cannot afford to maintain a large number of full time staff so it recruits new staff with new projects and when necessary.

32

B34. What positions do your full-time staff hold?

 

Executive Director, Project Officer (2), Program Officer, Accountant, Driver and Officer Administrator.

B35. Of these, how many staff members are technical, program-related staff?

 

4

B36. Could you please describe how your organization is structured? (hierarchy)

 

The Office Administrator and Project Officers report to the Program Officer who then report to the Executive Director.

B37. In your opinion is your organization adequately staffed?

 

No

B38. If not, what type of staff is lacking?

 

Field officers are required.

B39. Over the past 6 months, how many staff members have been hired or been released? (cite reason)

 

Hired

0

Released

0

 

B40. In your estimation, is the remuneration of your organization competitive? (please explain)

 

Yes / no[t11] 

 

 

B41. With regard to the building facility in which you are headquartered, does your organization:

 

rent

 

B42. What vehicles, if any, are owned by the organization?

 

 

Type:         

Number:

Sedan

0

4 x 4

0

Mini-van

0

Bus

0

Other (specify) ………………

 

B43. In what condition are your vehicles? (specify and check)

 

Type    

New

Good

Poor

NA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B44. In your estimation, how could the capacity of your organization be enhanced?

 

 

 

·         The capacity of the organization can be enhanced through additional logistics such as photocopiers, office space, vehicles, motor bikes, computers etc; and

·         Staff members taking refresher training programs in their respective fields to increase productivity.

B45. What was your organization’s annual budget for 2008?

USD 70,000

B46. Currently, who are your partners?

 

·         Government Institutions including District Assemblies, Department of Social Welfare, Ministry of Women and Children’s Affairs (MOWAC), Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Manpower, Youth and Employment (MMYE), Child Labour Unit, Attorney General’s Department, Ghana Immigration Service, Police Service, Customs, Excise and Preventive Service (CEPS), Trades Union Congress especially General Agricultural Workers Union (GAWU), Commission on Human Rights and Administrative Justice (CHRAJ), Ghana Cocoa Board and the Judiciary Service;

·         We also collaborate with the Social Science Department of the University of Ghana, University College of Education (Winneba) and other NGOs working on Human Rights and Education including International Needs Ghana, Youth Development Foundation, RAINS, Ghana NGO Coalition on the Rights of Children (GNCRC), ILO/IPEC, International Cocoa Initiative (Geneva), MATCH International (Canada), Geneva Global (Washington), World Cocoa Foundation (Washington) Verite (Boston), Tulane University (Louisiana and Free the Slaves (Washington).

 

B47. What kind of relationship do you have with the GoG?

 

The organization collaborates with the Social Welfare Department to rehabilitate and reintegrate rescued children into their families.

 

B48. Does your organization also engage the local government, i.e. the District Assembly? (If so, please describe relationship)

 

·         The organization collaborates with the District Social Welfare officers to rehabilitate and reintegrate rescued children into their families;

·         It also builds the capacity of the district assembly officers.

 

B49. Do you receive funding from one or more of the following sources? (read the list)

1. National Cocoa or Chocolate Industry

Yes

2. Foreign Cocoa or Chocolate Industry

Yes

3. National Government

No

4. Foreign Government

No

5. International Agency (e.g. ILO)

Yes

6. NGO

Yes

7. Community / locally-based

    Organization

No

8. Other:…………………………

 

B50. If your organization received funding in 2008, could you please indicate the source, purpose and amount?

 

 

Source

Purpose

Amount

Match International, Canada

Gender Promotion and women’s economic emancipation and Poverty Alleviation

[t12] 

Geneva Global

 

Sensitization and awareness raising to combat WFCL and trafficking

 

[t13] 

FURDEV

Ghana

Identification, Rescue rehabilitation and support to trafficked children.

[t14] 

[t15] 

Individual Friends from UK

 

Educational Program

[t16] 

B51. Have you received funding since 2001 to target children in the cocoa sector?

 

Yes

B52. Since 2001, have you received new funding from U.S. Cocoa industry or has your funding from US. Cocoa industry increased?

 

Yes

B53. Have you heard of the Harkin-Engel Protocol? (if so, when is the first time you heard about the H-E Protocol)

Yes, since 2001.

B54. In your estimation, did you receive funding after 2001 because of the Harkin-Engel protocol?

 

Yes

B55. Are you externally audited by an independent auditing firm? (if so, please cite firm)

 

Yes, RFG is externally audited by Taylor, Folson and Associates Charted Accountants.

B56. In your estimation, are your funds sufficient to carry out all the organization’s planned activities?

 

No, because the funds available is inadequate for the project to rescue children.

B57. If your organization received additional funds, what could you accomplish?

 

More prevention and rescuing of trafficked children in the cocoa sector will be done.

B58. Do you have any suggestions for activities to prevent or remediate child labor in the West African Cocoa Sector?

 

 

·         Effective sensitization because there are 20% of the people that are for change, 20% that are against change and the rest of the 60% who do not have a strong opinion. The 20% in the cocoa sector who are against change are those who benefit from the sector e.g. the chocolate industry who buy cocoa for over 35 years and see child labor ongoing but do nothing about it because it is cheap labor which makes them buy cocoa cheaply. The other group who kick against change is the cocoa farm owners who are mostly the politicians and people who occupy very big positions in the nation. Such groups are well organized and have a very strong voice. Sensitization therefore targets the 60%, some of whose voices are not too strong and who also do not understand what is happening. These are people who are affected or whose children are affected or good will people who think that people should not be treated inhumanly. Together with the 20% of people who are for change, these 50 to 80 percent of sensitized people can influence and overpower the others over time. This notwithstanding the 20% against change should not be left out since a change in heart of one person can go a long way to help improve the situation. For instance a very rude and resistant Chief Executive who owned a cocoa farm but did nothing to encourage education or promote the well being of the cocoa farmers after effective sensitization finally had a change of mind and decided to encourage advocacy among his colleagues and even build a model school for his farming community;

·         The people who do the sensitization must be trained to understand the concepts of child labor, have the skills and do it right. The sensitization should be done through focus group discussions so they can dialogue with community members e.g. men, women and children groups, chiefs and elders, etc;

·         Trafficked children must also be found and rescued because such children are working in very difficult circumstances; and

·         Continuous research must also be done to find out what is really going on because some of the aspects of trafficking for instance are not well understood since there are documents that show that some of the children migrate on their own. There is also seasonal migration where children come during vacations. What is not known is whether they come voluntarily or are forced to come to work. Some come for these seasonal migrations and end up staying to work without returning to school or otherwise.

 

 

 

 


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